Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is the medical procedures used primarily to treat infertility. There are many types of Assisted Reproductive Technology includes In vitro fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, cryopreservation of gametes or embryos etc. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the most common and effective type of ART. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a type of IVF which is often used for couples having male factor infertility. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures sometimes use with donor eggs, donor sperm, and frozen embryos.
Types of Assisted Reproductive Treatment (ART)
There are many types of Assisted Reproductive Treatment (ART) by using this achieving a pregnancy. Depending upon the different infertility cases. The Infertility doctor suggests the following types of treatment.
Ovulation Induction (OI)
Ovulation Induction (OI) is a type of Assisted Reproductive Treatment (ART) used women infertility who are not ovulating or are not ovulating regularly. In this procedure, hormone medication such as medicine and injection are suggested that stimulates the production of follicle-stimulating hormone. By taking this medicine follicles to become large and releases the egg from the follicle. During this time if the couple has intercourse, then the chances of conception are increased.
Artificial Insemination (AI)
Artificial Insemination (AI) is also known as intrauterine insemination (IUI). This procedure is used to treat women who have healthy fallopian tubes but cannot conceive due to unknown reasons cannot conceive. This method is also applied when the male partner’s absence or before cancer treatment.
In this process insertion of a male partner’s semen through the female’s cervix done. It is used during the natural menstrual cycle. If Artificial Insemination (AI) is working, then the couple suggested for the use of IVF or ICSI.
In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
When the women found having fallopian tubes blocked. The infertility doctor suggests for this procedure In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF). It is more widely-known types of assisted reproductive technology (ART). In this process, sperm is combined with egg by the surgical procedures and then allow them fertilized in a laboratory dish. After egg fertilization embryo then implants in women uterus.
Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT)
GIFT is no longer commonly used. In this process, the woman’s eggs are retrieved from her ovaries then it allows to insert layers of sperm in fine tubing. In this process, egg and sperm left to fertilize naturally. This process is sometimes used who don’t want to use IVF for religious reasons.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
ICSI is also suggesting to the infertility couple, especially to overcome sperm problems. The procedure ICSI done like In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF). ICSI involves the direct injection of a single sperm into each egg.
Preimplantation Genetic Testing (PGT)
Pre-implantation genetic testing (PGT) is a technique used in IVF which help couple having the risk of passing on a known genetic condition. Preimplantation Genetic Testing (PGT) is also known as pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD).
Surrogacy is the type of ART. In this process intended parents work with a gestational surrogate, who will take care of the baby till baby birth. Surrogacy is an arrangement which is supported by a legal agreement or legal counselling before pursuing surrogacy.
How to Prepare for Assisted Reproductive Treatment (ART)
It would help if you did some homework before going for an Assisted Reproductive Treatment (ART) procedure. Doctor suggest some testing for the ovarian reserve to check whether it will respond to fertility medication. If the tests found diminished, then there is a low chance of success. The age of women affects the success rate of (ART) procedure. Women within 40 years age have more chance of pregnancy.
If you are facing infertility, then consult to the best IVF doctor who will suggest you right Assisted Reproductive Treatment (ART) after diagnosis your condition. With a positive attitude and the right ART treatment, most infertile couples will eventually experience the joys of parenthood worldwide.