Infant formula is a manufactured food designed for feeding babies and infants under 12 months of age. It is usually prepared for bottle-feeding or cup-feeding from powder or liquid. Infant formulas are the most widely used form of milk product for infants between four and six months of age. And the child who is not breastfed and about one-third of infants aged less than one year.
According to 2001, World Health Organization (WHO) report found that. Infant formula is prepared by applicable Codex Alimentarius standards, as well. It was a safe complementary food and a suitable breast milk substitute. In 2003, the World Health Organization and UNICEF published their Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding. The strategy said that processed food products for infants should meet the standards set by the Codex Alimentarius Commission. The use of infant formula in less economically developed countries is linked to poorer health outcomes.
The U.S. Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act define infant formula as food designed for infants. Because it simulates human milk or is suitable as a complete substitute for human milk. Infant formula for healthy full-term infants is made with ingredients. Such as protein concentrate, lactose, milk fat. Lactose is added to make the powder easily dissolvable in water, and it provides calories from carbs.
And protein helps the growth and development of lean muscle tissue. Whole or nonfat milk solids are added to make it rich in proteins, vitamins, and minerals. The nutrients in preterm infant formulae are suitable for the needs of preterm babies. And also include long-chain poly-unsaturated fatty acids and other nutrients to support the immune system, respectively.