Assisted Reproductive Technology

ART is a type of medical procedure for people who can't get pregnant. ART includes procedures like in vitro fertilization and others. ART is a type of treatment for infertility. This means that ART may be called “fertility treatments” or “infertility treatments”. ART belongs to the field of reproductive endocrinology and infertility. Some forms of ART (Assisted Reproduction Techniques) may be used with regard to fertile couples that want to have a baby and can't. They might use genetic testing before implanting any embryos in the uterus. ART may be used in surrogacy arrangements, even if not all surrogacies involve ART.

ART is classified into two broad categories, namely, Assisted Conception and Assisted Reproduction. The former is also mentioned as Artificial Insemination (AI) which involves the introduction of semen into a female's genital tract for achieving pregnancy whereas, in the case of Assisted Reproduction, there are various procedures like providing an egg to a woman using IVF which provides an embryo to achieve pregnancy.

Artificial insemination (AI) is a process by which sperm cells are introduced into a female's genital tract, achieving fertilization and/or implantation for the purpose of establishing a successful pregnancy. The process involves either surgical or non-surgical (sometimes termed artificially) insemination of a woman's uterus, depending on the situation and the preferences of the couple. Non-surgical AI has also been referred to as “natural insemination”, although this term is incorrect because it involves some form of intervention. ATR is one of the earliest available forms of treatment for infertility.