Hypertension is a life-threatening medical condition that should be managed and treated properly. Untreated hypertension can lead to serious events such as increased cardiovascular events, stroke, enhanced artery damage, kidney failure, and an increased risk of eye damage.
Hypertensive has a prevalence rate of 26.4 %, which makes almost 1.1 million people affected globally. People who are diagnosed with high blood pressure do not take any precautionary measures to treat it. The lack of management further progresses in the increasing risk of cardiovascular diseases, which is quite fatal.
Hypertension is a major contributor and a leading cause of various cardiovascular diseases. The death rate due to heart diseases has also increased tremendously. The increase in the number demands some important tips and effective treatment strategies that can control and eliminate the risk of the disease.
The American Heart Association has issued some guidelines to control and manage hypertension. It is essential to constantly monitor your blood pressure to rule out any chance of developing heart disease. A regular checkup and management of the disease will help in preventing heart diseases.
AHA has defined hypertension as:
- Systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg
- Diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg
A pharmacological treatment combined with lifestyle changes has proved effective results on hypertensive people. Heart diseases are a leading cause of mortality, and in developing that, hypertension has been characterized as a primary factor.
It is better to look out for a treatment plan that aims to manage the blood pressure to normal levels, i.e., 120/80 mm Hg. Medications, exercising, lifestyle changes, and constant monitoring will help in decreasing the chance of developing cardiac issues such as heart failure, coronary artery disease, aneurysm, or angina pectoris.
In This Article
- What Happens During Hypertensive Cardiovascular Diseases?
- Symptoms Of Hypertensive Cardiovascular Diseases
- Causes Of Hypertensive Cardiovascular Diseases
- What Falls Under Hypertensive Cardiovascular Diseases?
- Treatment Of Hypertensive Cardiovascular Diseases
- Ways To Prevent Hypertensive Cardiovascular Diseases
- Put A Limit To Saturated Fat
- Focus On Eating From All Food Groups
- Regularly Monitor Your BP
- Restrict Salt Intake
- Focus On Physical Activity
- Perform Aerobic Exercises
- Avoid Smoking And Alcohol
- Achieve A Healthy BMI
- Increase Vegetable Intake
- Add Fish To Your Diet
- Avoid Prolonged Period Of Stress
What Happens During Hypertensive Cardiovascular Diseases?
High blood pressure directly exerts a greater force on the heart, which eventually makes your heart weaker. The increased pressure in the arteries requires more work from heart muscles. The muscles of the heart then become thicker. The thickening of the walls of the heart makes it difficult to pump blood to the body.
The condition makes irreversible and fatal changes to the body. The different components of the heart, such as ventricles, atria, and valves, also do not perform their destined function. The overall chaos in the heart leads to heart failure and death.
Increased salt intake is also a leading reason for the thickening of the heart muscles. The structural changes in the heart muscles progress each day and result in a serious condition.
Symptoms Of Hypertensive Cardiovascular Diseases
The symptoms of hypertensive cardiovascular diseases depend on the intensity of blood pressure. The stage of hypertension is also important in developing the severity of the symptoms. Some of the most noticeable symptoms of hypertension-induced heart diseases are:
- Pain in the back, eyes, forehead, left arm
- Swelling of legs and hands
- Severe chest discomfort
- Chest tightness
- A constant high blood pressure
- Redness in eyes
- Sleep apnea
- Irregular heartbeat
Identifying the early signs and symptoms is the key to treat the diseases.
Causes Of Hypertensive Cardiovascular Diseases
An unmanaged and uncontrolled high blood pressure is one of the major causes of developing cardiovascular diseases. The constant pressure on the heart will make it weak and will affect its working capacity. Lifestyle factors such as eating too much of a high-fat diet and salty food are other causes of hypertensive cardiovascular diseases.
A lack of physical activity works in the progression of diseases. Similarly, not including fruits and vegetables in the diet does not help in managing blood pressure. Obesity is another reason that works majorly to develop various heart diseases. Dealing with all these causes with simple and effective strategies is the need of the hour.
What Falls Under Hypertensive Cardiovascular Diseases?
Hypertensive cardiovascular diseases involve many conditions in them which may or may not be related to each other. Some of these are:
Cardiomyopathy: It refers to the thickening, enlargement, or scarring of the heart muscles, which then affects the working of the heart. The changes can occur in any part of the heart.
Coronary artery disease: The deposition of cholesterol, also known as a plague in the blood vessels in the common cause of coronary artery disease. The constant build of plague in the arteries causes blockage of blood to the heart muscles.
Atrial fibrillation: An irregular heartbeat or an increased heartbeat is the reason for atrial fibrillation. Excessive heartbeats can result in shortness of breath or sudden heart failure.
Angina pectoris: When blood vessels do not carry enough blood to the heart, the condition is known as angina pectoris. It is also characterized as severe pain or pressure in the chest.
Cardiac arrest: The heart suddenly stops working during this condition and does not pump blood to any organ. The abnormal heartbeats often lead to sudden cardiac arrest, which has almost zero survival rate.
Treatment Of Hypertensive Cardiovascular Diseases
Medications are a primary choice for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Apart from that, various lifestyle changes can also be considered, which can help in increasing the longevity of life.
Patients should avoid smoking and excessive alcohol use in case of hypertension-induced cardiovascular diseases. The primary concern of treatment should be to control blood pressure.
In some serious cases, doctors usually perform surgeries on patients to increase the functionality of the heart. A battery is also installed in patients, stabilizing the heartbeat and bringing it to a normal value.
Ways To Prevent Hypertensive Cardiovascular Diseases
Following are some lifestyle factors that have a huge impact on hypertensive cardiovascular diseases:
Put A Limit To Saturated Fat
Substituting saturated fat with polyunsaturated fat can help in controlling various cardiovascular diseases. A study published in the Annual Review of Nutrition shows that polyunsaturated fatty acids have improved effects on health.
Focus On Eating From All Food Groups
Blood pressure is easily manageable, and diet plays a key role in its management. Certain fruits such as bananas, berries are high in potassium which is important for managing blood pressure. Diet and nutrition-rich foods are also helpful in reducing many heart and metabolic diseases, as proven by research.
Regularly Monitor Your BP
Monitoring your blood pressure helps you to analyze the situation. Recording the values work to assess you can take timely solutions by understanding the cause of the problem. Using an application for this purpose has shown significant changes in the profiles of patients as it helped them stay on track.
Restrict Salt Intake
A sodium-restricted diet can do wonders for hypertension. The study conducted on 48 senior residents showed that restricting salt or substituting it with a healthier choice has a significant impact on the management of hypertension.
Focus On Physical Activity
Physical activity contributes much to the management of hypertension. Regular physical activity can bring valuable benefits for health and can also minimize the risk of cardiovascular diseases. The activity does not have to be strenuous to bring quality results to life.
Perform Aerobic Exercises
Aerobic exercises are high-intensity workouts that burn many calories. Involving yourself in regular aerobics sessions with an aerobic stepper can work to manage the diseases effectively. Adults who are suffering from hypertension in their early 20’s should participate in regular exercise sessions.
Avoid Smoking And Alcohol
Research proves that reducing smoking can serve as a valuable factor in the management of cardiovascular diseases. Smokers can suffer from serious hypertensive conditions and so should be avoided. Similarly, alcohol consumption can increase the prevalence of hypertension.
Achieve A Healthy BMI
A healthy BMI ensures that you are not suffering from obesity as it is a pivotal cause of various health conditions. Achieving a good BMI will require exercising, a healthy diet, or using supplements such as a fat burner for quick results.
Increase Vegetable Intake
Vegetables have a lot of fiber in them, which helps in controlling weight. Increasing your vegetable intake will directly work to reduce blood pressure and the risk of heart diseases. Dark leafy vegetables have potassium in them, which controls hypertension.
Add Fish To Your Diet
Fish has a good amount of omega 3’s in them, which are essential for better health. Adding regular fish or a fish oil supplement can manage your lipid profiles, which will help control the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Avoid Prolonged Period Of Stress
Stress can make you hypertensive, which then further leads to various cardiovascular diseases. Managing stress can effectively help in the control of hypertensive events.
Heart diseases are serious and are one of the greatest causes of death. Hypertension has a significant role in progressing cardiac problems. Good health needs to manage hypertension by reducing salt intake, exercising for at least 30 minutes, eating in moderate amounts, and monitoring it yourself to identify any serious problem.
Hypertensive cardiac diseases have increased much in recent years. The reason is that many people do not pay attention to keep their blood pressure in check. Remember that there is nothing greater than good and sound health. What you do today will bring consequences to you in the future. So take your blood pressure seriously and manage it for your betterment.
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