What is Childhood?
Childhood is a time period from birth to adolescence. Childhood is divided into two stages: the preoperational stage and concrete operational stage. Again childhood is divided into four stages according to the developmental stages of 1. toddlerhood (when the baby learning to walk), 2. Early childhood (when baby starts playing, play age), 3. middle childhood (when start to go to school -school age), and adolescence (puberty through post-puberty). Basically, in Early childhood, the child begins speaking or taking steps independently around the age 3. Middle childhood begins at around age 7, at this stage child start to go school. 3. Adolescence is biologically distinct from childhood; in this stage various physical, psychological and behavioural changes occurred.
Facts about Childhood
- Some common characteristics of Early Childhood stage are: physical, mental, emotional, and social and language development of a child.
- All children have varying physical and emotional needs, depending on their age.
- Children learn more quickly during their early years than at any other time in life.
- Babies and young children grow, learn and develop rapidly when they receive love and affection, attention.
- The national childhood obesity rate is 18.5%.
- The impact of child traumatic stress can last well beyond childhood.
- Childhood obesity doesn’t always lead to obesity in adulthood.
- The study of child development is often divided into three broad areas: physical, cognitive, and social-emotional.
- All children can be naughty, defiant and impulsive from time to time.
- Some children simply feel emotions more intensely and easily.
- Eating breakfast at school helps children perform better.
- Childhood Obesity Results in Reduced Life Expectancies.
- A typical child spends approximately 4 to 5 hours a day watching TV, using the computer or playing video games.
- Taking maximum snacks, resulting in an additional 200 calories a day.
- A healthy body of a child makes for a healthy mind.
- 70 per cent of obese youth had at least one risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
- Overweight and obesity are associated with a 52 per cent increased risk of asthma among children and adolescents.